A section or division of a wall, ceiling or a flat piece of building material that forms the part of the surface of a wall, door or cabinet.
Strips of wood or wood material applied as a finish to a wall.
An officially described piece of land.
The strip of grass between the sidewalk and the street in front of a house.
An interior wall.
Any kind of structure dividing one room or space from another.
There are several partnership options for unmarried individuals to buy a piece of property, such as live-in partnerships (in which
both buyers share the residence) or a shared-equity partnership (in which one buyer lives in the home and the other is an investor
in the property).
A tax term that refers to any loss from a passive activity, such as the ownership but not the operation of a piece of rental real
Passive solar system
A system that supplies solar heat without the use of electric fans or pumps.
A visible deficiency in a piece of property, such as a cracked basement slab or a sagging porch.
An interior courtyard or a paved backyard area.
A legal limit on the amount a monthly payment can increase on an adjustable-rate mortgage.
Interest charged or accrued daily.
A test used to determine the ability of soil to accommodate a septic system.
Any plant that produces leaves, flowers and seeds from year to year, such as irises or peonies.
An arbor with an open roof of rafters supported by posts or columns.
Any moveable property in a house such as furniture or appliances.
A common pest-control inspection is a termite inspection, which is required in some states, such as California.
A rectangular masonry support column.
PITI (Principal, Interest, Taxes, Insurance)
When a buyer applies for a loan, the lender will calculate the principal, interest, taxes and insurance. The figure is designed to
represent the borrower's actual monthly mortgage-related expenses.
The concept began in the 19th century and describes any town or neighborhood built with certain guidelines and goals.
Residents own the home and the land, and share the use and financial responsibility for common areas.
A labor-intensive and more costly wall finish.
A sliding door that retreats into the wall when opened.
Fees charged by lenders at the time a loan is originated. A point is equal to 1 percent of the total loan amount.
The structure can be a simple covered entrance to a home or a fully enclosed room on the outside of a residence.
A porch-like roof extending over a driveway.
A lender who makes loans with its own funds and keeps the loans on the company's books--in other words, inside the institution's
"portfolio"--rather than selling the loan on the secondary market.
A porch supported by a row of columns.
When a buyer signs the papers and receives the keys to the house, the buyer officially takes possession.
Power of attorney
A document that authorizes an individual to act on behalf of someone else.
A letter from a lender that informs a seller about the amount of money that a potential buyer can obtain.
Homes that are sold before they are built.
The costs for taxes, insurance and assessments paid before the due date.
Interest paid before it is due. For example, at the close of a real estate transaction borrowers usually pay for the interest on their
loan that falls between the closing period and the first monthly payment.
Lenders can impose a penalty on a borrower who pays a loan off before its expected end date.
Many lenders will pre-qualify a borrower who is shopping for a loan by completing a preliminary assessment of the buyer's ability to
pay for a home.
Pressure relief valve
A safety vent that relieves excess pressure in a water heater.
The range of how much a buyer is willing to pay for a home.
The initial coat of paint that is applied before the final topcoat.
The amount of money that the borrower owes on a mortgage.
Principle of conformity
The idea that a house will more likely appreciate in value if its size, age, condition and style are similar to, or conform to, other
houses in the neighborhood.
Principle of progression
An appraisal term which states that real estate of lower value is enhanced by the proximity of higher-end properties.
Principle of regression
An appraisal term which states that the value of higher-end real estate can be brought down by the proximity of too many
A structure erected between two pieces of property.
Private mortgage insurance (PMI)
A special type of loan insurance that many lenders require borrowers to purchase if the borrower's down payment is less than 20
percent of the home's purchase price.
A real estate sale triggered by the death of the owner, with proceeds to be divided among heirs or creditors.
Homes that are mass-produced by one builder in a project.
A written summation by an architect of a project's design objectives, constraints and criteria.
A fiscal outline that includes the construction budget and all costs for land, furniture, equipment, financing, professional services,
contingencies and owner-furnished goods and services.
The official dividing line between properties.
A disclosure issued by the state when a time-share project is located or sold.
Property taxes are calculated at about 1.5 percent of the current market value.
Property tax deduction
The U.S. tax code allows homeowners to deduct the amount they have paid in property taxes.
The value of a piece of property is based on the price a buyer will pay at a certain time.
Agreed-upon percentages of certain expenses associated with a piece of property that must be paid by the buyer or the seller at
the time of closing.
Buyers compile a punch list during the final walk-through detailing items to be fixed before closing.
A document which details the purchase price and conditions of the transaction.
A mortgage that a borrower obtains to acquire a property.
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